김영국 Young Kuk Kim , 박기양 Ki Yang Park , 박규홍 Kyao Hong Park , 박혜숙 Hye Sook Park , 박윤범 Yun Beom Park , 권오한 O Whan Kwon , 박노경 No Kyung Park , 백상철 Sang Chul Back , 이선아 Sun A Lee
DOI: JANT Vol.42(No.1) 19-39, 2003
The purpose of this study is to find out effective ways to take care of the 8th and 10th graders` disposition causing math. disliking. To accomplish this goal, we proceeded as follows; First, we categorized the 11 factors recognized as the reasons of math. disliking into 4 math. disliking causes such as psychological & environmental cause, conceptual cause, relational cause and application related cause. Second, to take care of these four causes, we developed materials which are closely related with the contents of the 8th and 10th graders` school mathematics. Third, with these materials we taught the students who had proved to have the math. disliking trend, for one semester. As a consequence of this experiment we arrived at the following results. As for psychological & environmental causes, 35.7% of the 8th graders and 17% of the 10th graders proved to have been improved significantly. This result shows that the curing of the psychological & environmental causes is more effective in the 8th graders than in the 10th graders. i.e., the curing effects of the students` psychological & environmental cause for disliking math. decline as they get older. As for conceptual cause, 35% of the 8th graders and 30% of the 10th graders proved to have been improved significantly. In case of the 8th graders this ratio was similar to that of the other causes. But as for the 10th graders this ratio was a little low compared with that of the case of relation causes and application related cause. As for relational causes, 35% of the 8th graders and 49% of the 10th graders proved to have been improved significantly. Especially the 10th graders improved greatly. Among the four factors that compose this cause, especially hierarchy and connection factors were effectively cured. On application related causes, 47% of the 8th graders and 57% of the 10th graders proved to have been cured significantly. And among the four types of causes listed above, this was most successfully cured one. Of the two factors of this cause, the basic application factor appeared to have been improved in all experimental groups. In connection with teaching methods, we found out the followings two facts. First, the more teachers push students to solve their tasks with their own efforts, the higher is the ratio of cure. Second, the more teachers teach students personally, the more effective are the teaching results.